Our Approach

A  holistic approach is required to understand the social epidemiology of HIV/AIDS, which is essential to achieve significant results. Therefore, AFSA draws on collaborative efforts in the form of partnerships with community based organisations (CBOs) and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) countrywide that are based in close proximity to the target populations. This is found to be the most effective approach which serves to improve upon various existing interventions and contribute to more widespread results and outcomes.

It is imperative to acknowledge that there exists complex dynamic between the HIV, culture, societal and demographic context and traditional sexual behaviour. Examining the spread of HIV in the context of development, political and structural change in South Africa lies in the communities and lives of the people with whom we work. In order to understand the multiple factors that contribute to the spread of HIV it is important to acknowledge varying issues involved in the epidemic: poverty, unemployment and uncertainty, violence and limited access to crucial services.

CBO partnerships therefore are long-term commitments between AFSA and the CBOs for the purpose of achieving specific objectives such as the mitigation of HIV/AIDS in South Africa. These partnerships enable AFSA to maximize the effectiveness of each participant’s resources and to improve measurably the health and well-being of culturally vulnerable groups.

AFSA’s provides financial support for operational costs of the CBO and implementation of projects and activities as well as capacity building in the form of mentoring and training for context specific needs. AFSA has developed a comprehensive set of tools and operating procedures that cover all aspects of its work with CBOs and non-government organisations (NGOs).

AFSA supports CBOs in targeted vulnerable regions of South Africa that focus on the following issues:


  • HIV Education: targeted interventions with hard-to-reach groups and communities at higher risk of HIV infection; voluntary HIV counselling and testing.
  • Behaviour Change Communication and Interventions: Holistic interventions and communication leading to positive changed behavior for improved social and health outcomes. These interventions include gender mainstreaming activities and promotion of positive health seeking behavior.
  • Culture & Health: interventions that serve as catalysts, helping communities to begin to recognise, discuss and respond to the ways in which cultural practices affect health behaviours, as well as mental and physical well-being.

Care and Support

  • Community Care: organisations providing services and training in respect of wellness management, home-based nursing and palliative care, directly observed therapy (DOTS), antiretroviral (ARV) literacy and compliance education, and bereavement counselling programmes.
  • Care of orphans and vulnerable children: organisations engaged in the early identification of vulnerable children, succession planning, facilitating kinship and community foster care, assisting with social grant applications, counselling, and monitoring the well-being of children.
  • Poverty Alleviation: organisations promoting and providing training on food security, assisting families to access social grants, support for income-generating activities, & short-term emergency relief for indigent households.

Policy and Practice

  • Support for independent NGOs that work to influence change and to inform policy and practice through research, advocacy, legal intervention and social mobilisation.

Click here for more info about ‘Our Implementing Partners

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